Before the arrival of Europeans, the Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited. The islands of the Cape Verde archipelago were discovered by Genoese and Portuguese navigators around 1456. According to Portuguese official records, the first discoveries were made by Genoa-born António de Noli, who was afterwards appointed governor of Cape Verde. In 1462, Portuguese settlers arrived at Santiago and founded a settlement they called Ribeira Grande (the first permanent European settlement in the tropics) In the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the transatlantic slave trade. Pirates occasionally attacked the Portuguese settlements. Sir Francis Drake, an English corsair privateering under a letter of marque granted by Lizzy (the English crown), twice sacked the (then) capital Ribeira Grande in 1585.
Decline in the slave trade in the 19th century resulted in an economic crisis. Cape Verde's early prosperity slowly vanished. However, the islands' position astride mid-Atlantic shipping lanes made Cape Verde an ideal location for re-supplying ships. Because of its excellent harbour, Mindelo (on the island of São Vicente) became an important commercial centre during the 19th century.
Following the April 1974 revolution in Portugal, the PAIGC became an active political movement in Cape Verde. In December 1974, the PAIGC and Portugal signed an agreement providing for a transitional government composed of Portuguese and Cape Verdeans. On 30 June 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on July 5, 1975. The PAICV and its predecessor established a one-party system and ruled Cape Verde from independence until 1990. Opposition groups came together to form the Movement for Democracy (MPD) in Praia in April 1990. The one-party state was abolished 28 September 1990, and the first multi-party elections were held in January 1991. The MPD won a majority of the seats in the National Assembly, and MPD presidential candidate António Mascarenhas Monteiro defeated the PAICV's candidate. Leaving Cape Verde a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is among the most democratic nations in the world, ranking 26th in the world, according to the Democracy Index 2012.
Cape Verde's population in the 21st century is mostly creole. A genetic study revealed that the ancestry of the population in Cape Verde is predominantly European in the male line and West African in the female line; counted together the percentage is 56% African and 44% European. The high degree of genetic and ethnic mixture of individuals is a result of centuries of migration. It is not unusual to encounter persons with dark skin and blond hair and blue eyes, and persons with light skin and black hair.
Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusophone Africa. Famous poets include Paulino Vieira, Manuel de Novas, Sergio Frusoni, Eugénio Tavares, and B. Léza, and famous authors include Baltasar Lopes da Silva, António Aurélio Gonçalves, Manuel Lopes, Orlanda Amarílis, Henrique Teixeira de Sousa, Arménio Vieira, Kaubverdianu Dambará, Dr. Azágua, and Germano Almeida.
Cape Verde's climate is milder than that of the African mainland because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands and cold Atlantic currents produces an arid atmosphere around the archipelago. Cape Verde's total (265 mm (10.4 in)) is slightly above this 250mm desert criterion, which makes the area climate semi-desert. The archipelago can be divided into four broad ecological zones: arid, semiarid, subhumid and humid, according to altitude and average annual rainfall ranging from 200 mm in the arid areas of the coast to more than 1000 mm in the humid mountain. Mostly rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist.
In 2011, on four islands a windfarm was built that in total supplies about 30% of the electricity of the country, making it one of the top countries for renewable energy. Now how about solar cells folks.. Tourism has increased in recent years. Large hotels have been built across the country in an effort to boost tourism. In 2013, 552,144 tourists visited the archipelago. Most of these tourists flew into Cape Verde from many European destinations. The British (i.e., largely English) made up the majority of visitors (must be the mist that's attracting them wink, wink)
Today a Cape Verdean popular singer. Nicknamed the "Barefoot Diva" for performing without shoes, she was also known as the "Queen of Morna"....N'Joy.
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"Cise" (as she was known to friends) was born on 27 August 1941 in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde. When she was seven years old her father, who was a part-time musician, died, and at the age of ten she was placed in an orphanage, as her mother could not raise all six children. At the age of 16, she was persuaded by a friend to sing in a sailors' tavern. In the 1960s, she started singing on Portuguese cruise ships stopping at Mindelo as well as on the local radio. It was only in 1985 when at the invitation of Cape Verdean singer Bana she went to perform in Portugal. In Lisbon she was discovered by the producer José da Silva and invited to record in Paris.
However, Évora never left her country, and gave up singing in the mid-'70s owing to lack of profit. In 1985, at the age of 45, she decided to return to music and traveled to Portugal to record two songs for an anthology of female Cape Verdean singers. This led to subsequent recording sessions in Paris, which resulted in four albums from 1988 to 1992. Her international fame grew, and she toured Europe, Africa, Brazil, and Canada, with stops in the United States to perform for Cape Verdean audiences. In the fall of 1995, she mounted her first large-scale American tour; subsequent recordings include 1997's Cabo Verde and 1999's Mar Azul and Cafe Atlantico.
Évora's international success came only in 1988 with the release of her first album La Diva Aux Pieds Nus, recorded in France. Her 1992 album Miss Perfumado sold over 300,000 copies worldwide, and included one of her most celebrated songs, "Sodade". Her 1995 album Cesária brought her broader international success and the first Grammy Award nomination. In 1997, she won KORA All African Music Awards in three categories: "Best Artist of West Africa", "Best Album" and "Merit of the Jury". In 2003, her album Voz d'Amor was awarded a Grammy in the World music category.
With Évora now a certified international star, the new millennium didn't see any loss of momentum for the singer, and she continued to record and tour the globe. Her 2001 release, Sao Vicente, featured numerous collaborations, including appearances from Bonnie Raitt, Orquesta Aragón, and Brazilian superstar Caetano Veloso. Already a well-televised figure in Europe, her growing popularity in North America led to an appearance on The David Letterman Show; a DVD titled Live in Paris; the reissue of her 1974 album Distino di Belita; and the 2004 Grammy for Best Contemporary World Music recording for Voz d'Amor. The same year she was recognized by French culture minister Jean-Jacques Aillagon as an Officer des Arts et des Lettres. After another extensive tour, in 2006 Évora released Rogamar, much of which was recorded in her hometown of Mindelo. Three years later, she released Nha Sentimento, another hometown affair, with more songs from the pen of Teofilo Chantre.
In 2010, Évora performed a series of concerts, the last of which was in Lisbon on 8 May. Two days later, after a heart attack, she was operated on at a hospital in Paris. On the morning of 11 May 2010 she was taken off artificial pulmonary ventilation, and on 16 May she was discharged from the intensive-care unit and transported to a clinic for further treatment. In late September 2011, Évora's agent announced that she was ending her career due to poor health.
On 17 December 2011, aged 70, Évora died in São Vicente, Cape Verde, from respiratory failure and hypertension. A Spanish newspaper reported that 48 hours before her death she was still receiving people – and smoking – in her home in Mindelo, popular for always having its doors open
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Cesaria has known the toughest of times in her youth, and was a mature woman before reaching the recognition she so richly deserved. "Mis Perfumado" was recorded in 1992, and is one of her very finest albums; with her soft, warm honey voice, and a heart well acquainted with the sorrow of lost love, she is undoubtedly the quintessential interpreter of "morna", a style of song reminiscent of the Portuguese fado combined with the rhythms of West Africa.
Like Billie Holiday, the Cape Verdean queen of morna--a slow, rhythmically balladic blend of African blues and the Portuguese fado--asked heartache to come in and set a spell. In fact, trouble and Cesaria Evora are longtime soulmates. Mis Perfumado is about nostalgia, longing, hit-and-run lovers, the sea features titles like "Barbincour" ("The Conman") and "Torura" ("Torture"). It went gold in France, transforming the plump grandma diva of her West African island's beachside canteens into a world-music icon. Not the least of Evora's magical appeal is that those smooth, honey-rich vocals suggest a universe of passion and pain, with nary a spasm of self-pity to break the spell.
Ravishing is the word that springs to the lips: one of those tiresome British understatements, but it'll have to do. Evora has the most glorious voice, the melodies are heartrendingly Portuguese, the guitar-runs have escaped from a fado recording. The classic piano and string group of Miss Perfumada help explain its near-bestselling status, the near-Brazilian rhythms add the zip that tops the whole thing off.
Cesaria Evora - Miss Perfumado (flac 413mb)
01 Sodade 4:51
02 Bia 4:11
03 Cumpade Ciznone 3:14
04 Direito Di Nasce 4:40
05 Luz Dum Estrela 4:24
06 Angola 4:28
07 Miss Perfumado 4:29
08 Vida Tem Um So Vida 5:36
09 Morabeza 4:21
10 Recordai 4:27
11 Lua Nha Testemunha 6:19
12 Barbincor 3:59
13 Tortura 3:57
Cesaria Evora - Miss Perfumado (ogg 170mb)
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Cabo Verde's artwork showcases a happier Césaria Évora than on her previous self-titled album (which introduced her to North American audiences). She is pictured laughing, against light greens and blues, and the music itself is considerably more upbeat than that on her other albums (this being her second U.S. release, but her sixth overall). However, the subject matter remains as sorrowful as ever, with lyrics translating to "The sea is the home of nostalgia/it separates us from distant lands/it separates us from our mothers, our friends/unsure if we'll see them again" ("Mar É Morada de Sodade"), and "You are mine, my beloved, even in heaven" ("Bo É Di Meu Cretcheu"). Not only does Évora sing her world-famous mornas, she also gives advice against the foolishness of youth, bringing to light the fact that much of the youth of her native land of Cape Verde has emigrated, leaving the remaining population with an incurable nostalgia. The album begins with several upbeat numbers, then, after the torchy, cabaret-styled "Partida," delves into moodier, more lamenting, and more glorious ballads. On "Coragem Irmon," Évora "duets" with the tenor saxophone of American jazz great James Carter. As with all her albums, this is an excellent collection of beautiful, soul-stirring songs, brought to life by Évora's marvelous voice. A winner in every respect (also included are the lyrics' English translations).
Cesaria Evora - Cabo Verde (flac 398mb)
01 Tchintchirote 3:13
02 Sabine Larga'm 3:03
03 Partida 6:15
04 Sangue De Beirona 3:33
05 Apocalipse 6:21
06 Mar E Morada De Sodade 5:59
07 Bo E Di Meu Cretcheu 3:39
08 Coragem Iromon 6:26
09 Quem Bô É
10 Regresso 3:33
11 Zebra 6:15
12 Mae Velha 4:44
13 Pe Die Boi 2:38
14 Ess Pais 4:23
Cesaria Evora - Cabo Verde (ogg 167mb )
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This is a compilation of duets Cesária Évora recorded over the years. Evora is the one of the most distinctive, exquisitely sad and soulful singers in the world and, over the past two decades, she has collaborated with an extraordinary number of other global celebrities. She didn't need to, of course, for her pained and personal morna ballads don't require help from outsiders, but these recordings show how well she could interact with other musicians. Here she duets with a who's who of singers from Europe, Africa, Brazil, Cuba, and the US. There are 17 studio tracks, dating back to 1993, along with a couple of live performances, on which she is joined by the Greek singer Eletheria Arvanitaki for a cool treatment of her classic Sodade, and Brazil's Caeatano Veloso for a simple, guitar-backed version of Negue. Elsewhere, there's a fine, soulful duet with Angola's Bonga, a charming, easy-going contribution from Salif Keita (from his Moffou album), intimate, sensitive piano work from Cuba's Chucho Valdés, and a gently swinging duet with the late Compay Segundo. Evora effortlessly dominates almost every song.
Cesária Évora - & ... (flac 509mb)
01 Sodade (With Bonga) 4:54
02 Moda Bô (With Lura) 4:56
03 É Doce Morrer No Mar (With Marisa Monte) 3:37
04 Elle Chante (With Bernard Lavilliers) 3:52
05 Africa Nossa (With Ismaël Lô) 3:52
06 Yamore (Radio Edit) (With Salif Keita) 3:43
07 Lagrimas Negras (With Compay Segundo) 4:58
08 Quel Casinha (With Adriano Celentano) 4:26
09 Negue (With Chucho Valdes) 3:45
10 Regresso (With Caetano Veloso) 3:56
11 Embarcação (Radio Edit) (With Kayah) 3:25
12 Um Pincelada (With Cali) 3:25
13 Historia De Un Amor (With Tania Libertad) 3:56
14 Tiempo Y Silencio (With Pedro Guerra) 3:17
15 Crepuscular Solidão (With Bonnie Raitt) 5:29
16 Ausencia (With Goran Bregovic) 3:47
17 Mãe Pa Fidje (With Teofilo Chantre) 4:00
18 Sodade (Live) (With Eleftheria Arvanitaki) 5:54
19 Negue (Live) (With Caetano Veloso) 2:11
Cesária Évora - & ... (ogg 197mb)
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