Mar 15, 2016

RhoDeo 1611 Roots

Hello, w'll be staying in Brazil until the Olympics there's plenty of time to explore the it's music scene. The music of Brazil encompasses various regional music styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms. After 500 years of history, Brazilian music developed some unique and original styles such as samba, bossa nova, MPB, sertanejo, pagode, tropicalia, choro, maracatu, embolada (coco de repente), mangue bit, funk carioca (in Brazil simply known as Funk), frevo, forró, axé, brega, lambada, and Brazilian versions of foreign musical genres, such as Brazilian rock and rap.

Today the last focus on that Brazilian songwriter, composer, arranger, singer, and pianist/guitarist. He was a primary force behind the creation of the bossa nova style, and his songs have been performed by many singers and instrumentalists within Brazil and internationally. .....N'Joy

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Antônio Carlos Jobim was born in the middle-class district of Tijuca in Rio de Janeiro. His father Jorge de Oliveira Jobim (São Gabriel, Rio Grande do Sul, April 23, 1889 – July 19, 1935) was a writer, diplomat, professor and journalist. When Antônio was still an infant, his parents separated and his mother, Nilza Brasileiro de Almeida, moved with her children (Antônio Carlos and his sister Helena Isaura) to Ipanema, the beachside neighborhood the composer would later celebrate in his songs. In 1935, when the elder Jobim died, Nilza married Celso da Frota Pessoa, who would encourage his stepson's career. He was the one who gave Jobim his first piano. As a young man of limited means, Jobim earned his living by playing in nightclubs and bars and later as an arranger for a recording label, before starting to achieve success as a composer.

Jobim's musical roots were planted firmly in the work of Pixinguinha, the legendary musician and composer who began modern Brazilian music in the 1930s. Among his teachers were Lúcia Branco, and, from 1941 on, Hans-Joachim Koellreutter. Jobim was also influenced by the French composers Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, by the Brazilian composers Heitor Villa-Lobos, Ary Barroso, and by jazz. Among many themes, his lyrics talked about love, self-discovery, betrayal, joy and especially about the birds and natural wonders of Brazil, like the "Mata Atlântica" forest, characters of Brazilian folklore, and his home city of Rio de Janeiro

Jobim became prominent in Brazil when he teamed up with poet and diplomat Vinícius de Moraes to write the music for the play Orfeu da Conceição (1956). The most popular song from the show was "Se Todos Fossem Iguais A Você" ("If Everyone Were Like You"). Later, when the play was turned into a film, producer Sacha Gordine did not want to use any of the existing music from the play. Gordine asked de Moraes and Jobim for a new score for the film Black Orpheus (1959).This collaboration proved successful, and Vinicius went on to pen the lyrics to some of Jobim's most popular songs.

A key event in making Jobim's music known in the English speaking world was his collaboration with the American jazz saxophonist Stan Getz, João Gilberto and Gilberto's wife at the time, Astrud Gilberto, which resulted in two albums, Getz/Gilberto (1963) and Getz/Gilberto Vol. 2 (1964). The release of Getz/Gilberto created a bossa nova craze in the United States, and subsequently internationally. Jobim wrote many of the songs on Getz/Gilberto, which became one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time, and turned Astrud Gilberto, who sang on "The Girl from Ipanema" and "Corcovado", into an international sensation. At the Grammy Awards of 1965 Getz/Gilberto won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group and the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. "The Girl from Ipanema" won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year.

Jobim was married to Thereza Otero Hermanny on October 15, 1949 and had two children with her: Paulo Jobim (born 1950), an architect and musician, married and father of Daniel Jobim (born 1973) and Dora Jobim (born 1976); and Elizabeth "Beth" Jobim (born 1957), a painter. Jobim and Thereza divorced in 1978. On April 30, 1986 he married 29-year-old photographer Ana Beatriz Lontra, with whom he had two more children: João Francisco Jobim (1979–1998) and Maria Luiza Helena Jobim (born 1987). Daniel, Paulo's son, Tom's grandson; followed his grandfather to become a pianist and composer.

In early 1994, after finishing his album Antonio Brasileiro, Jobim complained to his doctor, Roberto Hugo Costa Lima, of urinary problems. A bladder tumor was detected, but Jobim postponed the recommended immediate surgery for several months, while he tried spiritual treatment with a Brazilian medium and started working on his album Tom Jobim. His operation took place at Mount Sinai Hospital, in New York, on December 2, 1994. On December 8, while recovering from surgery, he had a cardiac arrest caused by a pulmonary embolism and two hours later another cardiac arrest, from which he died. His last album, Antonio Brasileiro, was released posthumously three days after his death.

Jobim is widely regarded as one of the most important songwriters of the 20th century. Many of Jobim's songs are jazz standards. American jazz singers Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra prominently featured Jobim's songs on their albums Jobim was an innovator in the use of sophisticated harmonic structures in popular song. Some of his melodic twists, like the melody insisting on the major seventh of the chord, became common use in jazz after him. The Brazilian collaborators and interpreters of Jobim's music include Vinícius de Moraes, João Gilberto (often credited as a co-creator of bossa nova), Chico Buarque, Gal Costa, Elis Regina, Sérgio Mendes, Astrud Gilberto, and Flora Purim. Eumir Deodato and the conductor/composer Claus Ogerman arranged many recordings of Jobim tunes. He won a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 54th Grammy Awards in 2012. As a posthumous homage, on January 5, 1999, the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro changed the name of Rio's Galeão International Airport, located on Governador Island, to bear the composer's name. Galeão Airport is explicitly mentioned in his composition "Samba do Avião". In 2014, Jobim was posthumously inducted to the Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2015, Billboard named Jobim as one of The 30 Most Influential Latin Artists of All Time.

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In 1977 and 1979, Tom Jobim recorded two albums with the singer Miúcha. Released in 1989, Echoes Of Rio is a compilation of the two albums. Miúcha, whose real name is Maria Heloisa Buarque de Hollanda, is none other than the sister of Chico Buarque, João Gilberto's wife and mother of Bebel Gilberto. Less known as 'Astrud Gilberto or Elis Regina, Miúcha cues with a real complicity to Tom Jobim. The album is in the Bossa Nova style even if the latter is passed fashion, however the charm of the Bossa Nova doesn't age with this much force of evocation.. However this compilation, resumed extremely alluring titles such as "Vai Levando", "Turma Do Funil (No Baixo Leblon)". Echoes Of Rio is an album "compilation" of Bossa Nova that makes you want to listen to more great titles of the 1960s(Tom Jobim, João Gilberto, Vinicius De Moraes, Baden Powell ...).

Antonio Carlos Jobim - Echoes of Rio (flac 282mb)

01 Turma Do Funil (No Baixo Leblon) 3:26
02 Triste Alegria 2:04
03 Aula De Matematica 2:39
04 Samba Do Carioca 2:44
05 Falando De Amor 2:34
06 Vai Levando 3:19
07 Tiro Cruzado 2:08
08 Comigo E Assim 3:12
09 Na Batucada Da Vida 2:50
10 Sei La "A Vida Tem Sempre Razao" 2:31
11 Pela Luz Dos Olhos Teus 2:45
12 Samba Do Avaio 2:52
13 Maninha 2:40
14 Choro De Nada 2:44
15 Dinheiro Em Penca 9:43

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When one looks closely discography of Antônio Carlos Jobim, it recognizes 14 studio albums, one every two years between 1964 and 1994. But that collaboration and the realization of some Soundtracks which The Adventurers (1970) and Garota de Ipanema (1967). In the 80s, he produced the soundtrack of the movie Gabriela (1983). In short Gabriela (Cravo e Canela) is a Brazilian film directed by Bruno Barreto and adapted from the novel by Jorge Amado published in 1958. The film is, according to the reviews I've read, seems pretty missed despite the presence the casting of Marcello Mastroianni and Sônia Braga. The Soundtrack of Antônio Carlos Jobim is rather nice, a mix of symphonic Jazz quite popular with the Master and MPB songs performed by the sublime and delightful Gal Costa. The arrangements were made by Oscar Castro Neves. You can hear Tom Jobim singing on some tracks including the very Samba "Caminho da Mata". Anecdotal BO in the work of the Master. I pass

Antonio Carlos Jobim - Gabriela (Soundtrack) (flac 157mb)

01 Chegada Dos Retirantes 2:53
02 Tema De Amor De Gabriela 4:05
03 Pulando Carniça 3:31
04 Pensando Na Vida 2:41
05 Casório 2:50
06 Origens 2:18
07 Ataque Dos Jagunços 2:43
08 Caminho Da Mata 2:46
09 Ilhéus 2:34
10 Tema De Amor De Gabriela (Versão Completa) 5:00

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Passarim is Jobim's major statement of the '80s, emerging during a time when his concerns were turning increasingly toward the Planet Earth. The title song is one of Jobim's most haunting creations, a cry of pain about the the destruction of the Brazilian rain forest that resonates in the memory for hours. Also, by this time, Jobim had resumed touring with a large group containing friends and family, and they carry a great deal of the load here, with lots of airy female backup vocals, two worthy songs by Jobim's multi-talented son Paulo, and another by flutist/singer Danilo Caymmi. Recorded entirely in Rio, the record's overall sound is very different from Jobim's '60s and '70s work: denser, hazier, still grounded in the samba yet rougher in texture (as is Jobim's voice). Though not as immediately winning as the Creed Taylor-produced albums, this music repays repeated listening -- particularly the extended suite from Jobim's score for the film Gabriela -- and there are samples of his wry humor in "Chansong" and the bossa nova reworking of "Fascinatin' Rhythm"

Antonio Carlos Jobim - Passarim  (flac  337mb)

01 Passarim 3:35
02 Bebel 3:11
03 Borzeguim 4:23
04 Looks Like December 3:45
05 Isabella 3:22
06 Fascinatin' Rhythm 2:10
07 Chansong 3:18
08 Samba Do Soho 2:59
09 Luiza 2:32
10 Brazil Nativo 3:51
11 Gabriela 7:56
 Bonus Tracks
12 Anos Dourados 3:46
13 Passarim 3:36

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Not only did Jobim stay active until the end of his life, he showed virtually no signs of creative burnout, as this, his last album, wondrously displays. Surrounded again by family and friends, he delivered a brace of 13 songs and compositions (plus two songs by the veteran songwriter Dorival Caymmi), many of them relatively new, most as heartbreakingly beautiful as anything from the bossa nova years. Sometimes Jobim's voice, never impressive, is almost gone and the production has a rough-hewn finish, but it doesn't matter; Jobim's craft and his brood carry him through, and son Paulo Jobim provides thick but highly competent orchestral arrangements. An especially touching passage is the brief "Samba de Maria Luiza," a Jobim duet with his little daughter Maria Luiza, who also turns up on the succeeding ode for the environment, "Forever Green." The final tone poem, "Trem De Ferro," obviously inspired by Heitor Villa-Lobos, is also the most startling, a strange chugging simulation of a train cutting through the underbrush. There is also an idiomatic duet with Sting on the familiar "How Insensitive" (later included on the Red, Hot and Rio anthology), and Caymmi makes a guest vocal appearance on "Maricotinha." Obviously Jobim still had a lot to give, making his death later in 1994 an even more poignant blow. Issued for the Latin market only, though pressed in the U.S., the CD is not difficult to locate in well-stocked big city shops.

Antonio Carlos Jobim - Antonio Brasilero (flac 282mb)

01 Só Danço Samba 2:05
02 Piano Na Mangueira 2:40
03 How Insensitive (Insensatez) 3:44
04 Querida 3:31
05 Surfboard 3:06
06 Samba De Maria Luiza 1:12
07 Forever Green 3:44
08 Maracangalha 2:40
09 Maricotinha 3:44
10 Pato Preto 4:20
11 Meu Amigo Radamés 3:54
12 Blue Train (Trem Azul) 5:05
13 Radamés Y Pelé 3:51
14 Chora Coração 3:08
15 Trem De Ferro 4:36

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Anonymous said...

Many thanks! Great music for summer.

Anonymous said...

Hi Rho.

Can you add Echoes of Rio, Gabriela and Antonio Brasilero to your reup queue? Thank you.

Anonymous said...

there is a queue? :o anyway, sure would like to see some of his albums reupped. thanks man.